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Sexuality Education in Schools

 

MOE Sexuality Education in Schools

 

1.        Sexuality Education (SEd) in schools is about enabling students to understand the physiological, social and emotional changes they experience as they mature, develop healthy and rewarding relationships including those with members of the opposite sex, and make wise, informed and responsible decisions on sexuality matters. SEd is premised on the importance of the family as the basic unit of society. This means encouraging healthy, heterosexual marriages and stable nuclear family units with extended family support. The teaching and learning of SEd is based on respect for the values and beliefs of the different ethnic and religious communities in Singapore on sexuality issues.

 

2.         The goals of Sexuality Education are to: 

  • To help students make wise, responsible and informed decisions through the provision of accurate, current and age-appropriate knowledge on human sexuality and the consequences of sexual activity;
  • To help students know themselves and build healthy and rewarding relationships through the acquisition of social and emotional skills of self-awareness, management of their thoughts, feelings and behaviours, development of empathy for others, possession of effective communication, problem-solving and decision-making skills; and
  • To help students develop a moral compass, respect for themselves and for others as sexual beings, premised on the family formed from a healthy, heterosexual marriage as the basic unit of society, through the inculcation of positive mainstream values and attitudes about sexuality.

 

3.         The key messages of Sexuality Education are: 

  • Love and respect yourself as you love and respect others;
  • Build positive relationships based on love and respect (which are the foundation for strong families);
  • Make responsible decisions for yourself, your family and society; and
  • Abstinence before marriage is the best protection against STIs/HIV and unintended pregnancies. Casual sex can harm and hurt you and your loved ones.

 

You may click here for more information on MOE Sexuality Education.

 

Overview of Hai Sing Catholic School’s Sexuality Education Programme for 2021

 

4.         Sexuality Education is delivered in a holistic manner through the school curriculum. The content for Sexuality Education is grouped into five main themes: Human Development, Interpersonal Relationships, Sexual Health, Sexual Behaviour, and, Culture, Society and Law. 

You may click here for more information on the scope of Sexuality Education in the school curriculum.


5.         The subjects that incorporate topics on sexuality include: 

            a. Science 

            b. Character and Citizenship Education (CCE)

 

Sexuality Education Lessons:

  

6. The values and attitudes of our youth towards sexuality are increasingly shaped by their peers, exposure to the media, popular culture and the internet. Adolescence is a complex stage in life as the adolescent attempts to find his/her own identity and often struggles with new social relationships. The period of middle adolescence (generally from 15 – 17 years old) can be a turbulent period for adolescents. The gap between physical and emotional/cognitive maturity may result in a tendency to act on impulse, experiment with various activities (including sexual activities), sometimes without understanding the unpleasant consequences that may arise from such experimentation. The need for peer acceptance can be overwhelmingly strong, and hinder one’s ability to act responsibly.  Given the pressures faced by the middle adolescent from within themselves and from peers, it is important to build a strong sense of self-worth, personal conviction and an understanding of the possible consequences of sexual behaviour.

 

7.         Through the  Sexuality Education lessons, secondary students will have the opportunity to develop a positive self-esteem, develop their character, and expand their understanding and repertoire of skills to deal with various issues related to sexuality, which are of prime concern at this age.

 

 At HAI SING CATHOLIC SCHOOL, the following lessons from the Sexuality Education Programme will be taught in 2022:

 

Secondary 1 

CCE 2022 Theme: Making Choices

UNIT

LESSONS / DURATION

Lesson Objectives

At the end of the lesson, students will be able to:

TIME PERIOD


Respectful Relationships & Safety


1

Steady Or Not

(60 mins)

· Recognise the importance of monitoring and managing our emotional reactions, in helpful ways that are reflective of our values and principles

·  Recognise that there are different forms of love (e.g. familial, platonic, romantic love)

·  Recognise the importance and understand what builds healthy and supportive relationships, both online and offline

·  Understand what dating is, and recognise that the readiness and interest in dating vary among individuals

TERM 3 

2

Being Aware, Being Safe

(60 mins)

· Understand that physical and psychological abuse from others, especially those we know and trust, can have strong negative effects on a person’s self-concept

TERM 3 

3

More Than Meets The Eye

(60 mins)

· Understand and accept that as we work towards becoming our best self, there will be times when we make mistakes, and recognise the importance of exercising moral courage in facing up to consequences

·  Recognise that there are moral and legal consequences of risky sexual behaviours, pornography access and acting irresponsibly or maliciously when online (e.g. spreading of online falsehoods, flouting copyright laws, etc.)

TERM 3 



                                        

Secondary 2

CCE 2022 Theme: Making Choices

UNIT

LESSONS / DURATION

Lesson Objectives

At the end of the lesson, students will be able to:

TIME PERIOD


Respectful Relationships & Safety

1

A Role For Everyone

(60  mins)

· Know that one’s understanding of gender roles should not be limited by gender stereotypes

·  Develop an appreciation of one’s own unique qualities and characteristics as a male or female

· Understand what sexual orientation entails

TERM 2 

2

Online Safety Challenge

(60 mins)

· Recognise one’s vulnerability to risky situations and the importance of exercising discretion to reduce risks and avoid negative consequences, both online and offline

TERM 2 

3

Do I Or Don’t I

(60 mins)

· Recognise the importance of self-respect and respect for others in relating to members of the opposite gender

·  Recognise one’s vulnerability to risky situations and the importance of exercising discretion to reduce risks and avoid negative consequences, both offline and online

TERM 2 


Secondary 3

CCE 2022 Theme: Making Choices


UNIT

LESSONS / DURATION

Lesson Objectives

At the end of the lesson, students will be able to:

TIME PERIOD


Respectful Relationships & Safety

1

When Respect Takes Centre Stage

(60 mins)

· Recognise the importance of being informed of social and moral issues of the day and the need to reflect on these issues, and weigh them against our own moral standpoints as we form our perspectives about them.

· Understand that we strengthen our character when we commit to sound values-based viewpoints (e.g. respect for life) and decisions, and speak and act in alignment with our beliefs.

TERM 3

2

Love Yourself, Love Others

(60 mins)

· Know that self-perception and identity have an impact on our self-esteem and how we interact with others and the choices we make, both online and offline.

· Understand that expectations of oneself and others may differ and can affect one’s emotions, thoughts and behaviours. [1.2.5a]

· Recognise what healthy dating relationships involve and know that readiness is important when entering into a dating relationship.

TERM 3 WEEK 6

3

Mending A Broken Heart

(60 mins)

· Know that relationship-building involves personal emotions and vulnerabilities, and changes and challenges.

· Know that a decision to end a relationship will have consequences on oneself and others.

· Know that grief and loss due to rejections and broken relationships is normal and one can recover from the experience.

· Know there are healthy ways of coping with broken relationships, and family and friends are important pillars of support.

TERM 3 

 

Secondary 4 & 5 

CCE 2022 Theme: Making Choices

UNIT

LESSONS / DURATION

Lesson Objectives

At the end of the lesson, students will be able to:

TIME PERIOD

Respectful Relationships & Safety

1

Levelling The Ground

(60 mins)

    

. Understand that the value of a person is not tied to one’s gender and not conforming to gender stereotypes does not negate one’s gender identity.

· Understand what gender stereotypes comprise, e.g. notions of masculinity and femininity vary over time and space, and are shaped by societal expectations.

· Know that imposing gender stereotypes on oneself and others can limit one’s experiences, cause harm to the self-esteem of oneself and others and should be avoided.

TERM 1 

Respectful Relationships & Safety

2

When Love Hurts

(60 mins)


. Know there are healthy ways of coping with broken relationships, and family and friends are important pillars of support.

· Recognise emotions caused by traumatic situations, e.g. bullying, abuse and dating violence, and understand the physiological and psychological, social impact on victims.

· Understand that we need moral courage and wisdom to recognise and end relationships that are unhealthy and cause harm to our mental and emotional well-being.

· Understand the importance of ensuring that non-verbal messages match with verbal ones, when communicating personal and emotional boundaries in a relationship.

TERM 1 

Respectful Relationships & Safety

3

For Better Or For Worse

(30 mins)


. Know that long-term romantic relationships leading to marriage involve understanding oneself and others in the intellectual, emotional, social and moral dimensions.

· Know that marriage entails a union between a man and a woman based on love, trust, commitment, and requires mutual effort.

· Understand that conflicts are normal in any relationship, including marriage, and the way in which a couple handles conflict is critical to the success of their marriage.    

 

TERM 1 

Respectful Relationships & Safety

4

There’s Always More To A Story

(60 mins)

. Understand that we strengthen our character when we commit to sound values-based viewpoints (e.g. respect for life) and decisions, and speak and act in alignment with our beliefs.

TERM 1 



eTeens Programme

 

8. eTeens is a programme developed by Health Promotion Board, in collaboration with the Ministry of Education, for Secondary 3 students to provide them with accurate information on STIs, HIV and protection from a health perspective. eTeens is conducted in two segments – a mass talk segment and a classroom-based programme.

9. Students are taught skills such as decision-making, assertiveness and negotiation to say “no” to sex and negative peer pressure. They also learn that the impact of STIs/HIV extends beyond themselves and involves their family. Abstinence and upholding family values are the key messages. The desired outcome of the eTeens programme is that students are empowered to make wise, informed and sensible decisions.

 

At Hai Sing Catholic School, the eTeens programme will be implemented as follows in 2022:


Topics/Lessons

Programme Learning Objectives

Time Period

Mass Talk by HPB appointed vendor

·       Awareness of the different STIs and HIV/AIDS

·       Modes of transmission

·       Modes of protection, specifically on how the condom is used

·       Consequences and impact of STIs/HIV

 

TERM 3

Classroom-based Lessons

·       Learn to negotiate their way out of a risky situation by applying skills of assertiveness and responsible decision-making

 

TERM 3

 


Information for Parents

 

10.       Parents may opt their children out of Sexuality Education lessons, eTeens and/or supplementary sexuality education programmes by MOE-approved external providers.

11.       Parents who wish to opt their children out of the Sexuality Education lesson may do so via the Parent’s Gateway portal here.  The option is to be made and updated on Parent’s Gateway by 20/01/2022.

12.       Parents who wish to opt their children out of the eTeens programme may do so via the Parent’s Gateway portal here.   The option is to be made and updated on Parent’s Gateway by 04/05/2022.

13. Parents can contact the school at 6582 7864 / hshs@moe.edu.sg for discussion or to seek clarification about the school’s sexuality education programme.

14. Parents, who wish to attend the school sexuality education programmes, should contact the school to make the necessary arrangements.



Annex B

Dear Sir/ Madam

eTeens

STI (Sexually Transmitted Infections) /

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)

Prevention Programme in Schools

 

1.             To reduce the number of STIs reported among youth aged 15-19 years[1], HPB, in collaboration with the Ministry of Health (MOH) and the Ministry of Education (MOE), developed a STIs/HIV prevention programme titled eTeens for students in secondary schools and JC/CIs. The programme aims to raise awareness on STIs/HIV, inform students about ways to prevent infection and discourage risky sexual behaviours. Abstinence and upholding family values are the key messages in the programme.

2.             eTeens for Secondary 3 students comprises an assembly talk and a classroom-based lesson. (For 2021, the programme will be extended to include Secondary 4 students who have not completed the programme in 2020.)  It covers information on the transmission modes of STIs, the signs, symptoms and consequences of contracting STIs/HIV, effective methods of preventing infection including abstinence from pre-marital sex, being faithful to one partner in the context of marriage as well as condom use. It also teaches life-skills such as decision-making, assertiveness and negotiation skills. eTeens is conducted in schools by trained personnel from HPB and teachers. A factsheet on the programme, which is available on the MOE website, is enclosed.

3.             If you do not wish your child/ward to attend this programme, please complete the form on the next page and return it to the school. For any clarification regarding this programme, please email us at hpb_yhp@hpb.gov.sg. 

Thank you.

Yours sincerely 

Gary Khoo

Director 

Preventive Health Programmes Division

Health Promotion Board

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[1] There were 437 and 388 reported cases of STIs among youth aged 15-19 years in 2018 and 2019 respectively.

[1] www.moe.gov.sg/education/programmes/social-and-emotional-learning/sexuality-education/scope-and-teaching-approach-of-sexuality-education-in-schools


eTeens

Wise.Informed.Sensible.Empowered

Aims of eTeens

1.      The Empowered Teens (eTeens) programme aims to provide students with accurate information to help them make good decisions in their life choices. It raises awareness and knowledge about the following:

 

a)    awareness of the different sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV/AIDS;

b)    modes of transmission for STIs and HIV/AIDS;

c)    modes of protection against infection, specifically abstinence and the correct use of condoms;

d)    skills for decision-making, assertiveness, negotiation to say “no” to peer pressure to have pre-marital sex; and

e)    consequences and impact of STIs/HIV.


Format of Programme

2.      The eTeens programme comprises an assembly talk and a classroom-based lesson:

a)    The mass talk is conducted by a speaker engaged by the Health Promotion Board (HPB) from an approved panel. The presentation follows an approved guide.

b)    The duration of the assembly talk is about 1 hour. It includes a multi- media presentation, video screening as well as presentation of key learning points. The video depicts how two teenagers at a birthday party weigh different considerations when resisting peer pressure, and eventually make responsible decisions.

c)    The classroom-based lesson reinforces skills of responsible decision-making, negotiation and assertiveness, based on the values which students have been brought up with, in the family and the community. The suggested time for the lesson is about one hour.

d)    Training for teachers to conduct the classroom-based programme is provided for by MOE and HPB.